Francavilla



The castle at Francavilla di Sicilia is otherwise known as Ruderi Castello Ruffo.  Archaeology has shown a Greek presence in the area between around the fifth or fourth century BC, while merely the  ridge line position of the castle might suggest a Byzantine origin.  Count Roger Hauteville (d.1101) founded a monastery at nearby Motta della Placa or St Salvatore della Placa, about a mile west of Francavilla.  This was built on the site of a Byzantine complex which had been ruined by the Arabs.  Possibly it had been a castle founded in the eighth century by the Byzantines.  If so it seems somewhat unlikely that they would also have built Francavilla castle at the same time. 

The castle probably remained with the Crown, although it was garrisoned by Peter Ruffo of Messina (d.1256+) at some time after the death of Frederick II in 1250.  After Peter's defeat at Piazza Armerina in November 1254 it was surrendered by him to the Messinans.  Francavilla looks like it was inhabited into the fourteenth century.  In the eighteenth century it was described as almost intact, although ‘useless'.  Complete ruination obviously followed soon afterwards.

Description
The fortress stands on a ridge on the steep side of a mountain south of the current town. It is almost 400' long, but only the south ward is wider than a single building's width.  Here there seems to be a great hall and a possible entrance.  Slightly towards the north end of the site is a large projecting rectangular tower which overhangs the precipice.  It may have been a keep.  Barbicans or outposts, existed at the N&S ends of the fortress.  There seems to have been another tower to the south, all these being at least 3 storeys high.  The masonry is often made of rubble interspaced with levelling courses of Roman brick.




Why not join me at other Sicilian castles?  Information on this and other tours can be found at Scholarly Sojourns.


 

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