A List of Castles operational in Wales and the Marches, 1042 to 1307


This list is intended to give an idea of the number of castles operational in the counties of Wales and the Marches (Chester, Shropshire, Hereford and Gloucester) from the reign of Edward the Confessor to Edward I.  The data presented here is taken from my own research and gives my own personal view.  Undoubtedly there were many more castles operational than are listed here, for which documentary evidence exists, or is likely due to the history of the barony associated with the castle.  I have tried to err on the side of caution, though I have added many sites as 'probably' active during the reign.  These sites appear with a question mark in the lists and in brackets in the table.  Please feel free to contact me with any further castles you may have evidence for being active in this period.

New castles or major reconstructions during the reign are marked with an astrix * and where possible a date. The letter d before a date means destroyed.

 

Observations

The table at the end of the list suggests some interesting trends.  Firstly it must be noted that the apparently insignificant numbers of castles in the earliest reigns is undoubtedly due to the paucity of records of the eleventh century.  From the reign of King Henry II record keeping improved dramatically, with King John giving a great impetus to literacy.  This must always be borne in mind when the numbers of 'active' castles in a reign increases dramatically.  King Henry II is said, not unreasonably, to have destroyed 1,114 castles on his coming to the throne of England in 1154, yet the number of known castles during his reign increases dramatically over Stephen's when a great amount of castle building went on.  Is this apparent increase due only to better record keeping?  Similarly the ninety years of kings Henry III and Edward show castle numbers apparently static, despite the great new castles built by Edward I.  One castle often replaced another or made some obsolete.

The county tables too show interesting trends.  During the reign of King William I, West Wales appears to have been left unfortified, although there is a possibility of unrecorded building activity in Caernarvonshire.  Penetrations in South Wales, however, can clearly be seen.  During the reign of Rufus this process is reversed with much activity in North and West Wales.  During the reign of Henry I the situation stabilizes with a firm occupation of South and East Wales.  In Welsh Wales (pura Wallia), however, Welsh castle building is already beginning with fortresses at Welshpool (1111) and Cymmer (1116).  No doubt others were also built in this period in Gwynedd.  Certainly Caernarfon castle was still fortified by the princes of Gwynedd fifty years later.  During the Anarchy of King Stephen's reign many more castles are mentioned, usually when they are destroyed.  Although there is no documentary evidence, many if not all of these castles were probably standing during the settled period of the reign King Henry I, although many new castles were also built during the disturbed Anarchy of 1135-54.  As a final point towards the fragility of these figures it should be noted that at the best of times documentary evidence mentions no more than a third of the castles that probably existed in a county during the time period 1066 to 1307.


 

Edward the Confessor, 1042 to 1066

No. of castles in Wales and Marches, 8, possibly 11.

Herefordshire (6, pos.8)

Ewias Harold*

Hereford*

Herefordshire Beacon*

Howton*

Longtown*, 1055

Mouse Castle*?

Richards Castle*

Thruxton*?

 

Worcestershire (1)

Homme*

 

Radnorshire (pos.1)

Presteigne?

 

Shropshire (1)

Burford*

 


William the Conqueror, 1066 to 1087

No. of castles in Wales and Marches, 26, possibly 46.

Brycheiniog (pos.2)

Bwlch y Dinas*, 1070?

Hay*, 1070?

 

Cheshire (1)

Chester*, 1070

 

Denbigh (pos.1)

Tomen y Faerdre?

 

Flint (1)

Rhuddlan*, 1073

 

Glamorgan (1, pos.2)

Cardiff*, 1081

Swansea*?, 1081?

 

Gloucester (3)

Berkeley*, 1070

Bristol*

Gloucester*

 

Gwent (3, pos.5)

Abergavenny*

Caerleon*?

Chepstow*, 1070

Grosmont*?

Monmouth*, 1070

 

Hereford (10, pos.15)

Brampton Bryan*

Clifford*, 1070

Cusop*?

Downton of the Rock*

Eardisley*

Ewias Harold*, 1070

Goodrich*

Hereford

Huntington*, 1070?

Lingen*?

Richards Castle

Walford*?

Walterstone*?

Wigmore*, 1070

Welsh Wood*

 

Meirionydd (1, pos.2)

Bala?

Rug

 

Montgomery (1, pos.3)

Llandinam?

Montgomery, Hen Domen

Newtown, Gro?

 

Pembroke (1)

St David’s*, 1081

 

Radnor (pos.4)

Clyro?

Pilleth?

Presteigne?

Radnor?

 

Shropshire (4, pos.6)

Clun?

Holdgate*

Moreton Corbet*?

Oswestry*, 1086

Quatford*

Shrewsbury*, 1069

 


 

William Rufus, 1087 to 1100

No. of castles in Wales and Marches, 42, possibly 63

Anglesey (1)

Aberlleiniog*, d.1094

 

Brycheiniog (4, pos.8)

Brecon*, 1093

Builth*, 1093?

Bwlch y Dinas?

Crickhowell?

Hay

Hay II*

Pencelli*?

Tretower

 

Caernarvon (1, pos.5)

Aber?

Caernarvon*, d.1094?

Degannwy*

Dinas Emrys*, d.1094?

Dolwyddelan I*, d.1094?

 

Cardigan (1, pos.2)

Aberystwyth*, 1093?

Cardigan*, 1093

 

Carmarthen (1, pos.2)

Carmarthen*, 1093

Llandovery*, 1093?

 

Cheshire (2)

Chester

Malpas

 

Flint (1)

Rhuddlan

 

Glamorgan (2)

Cardiff

Swansea

 

Gloucester (3, pos.4)

Berkeley

Bristol

Gloucester

St Briavels?

 

Gwent (4, pos.6)

Abergavenny

Caerleon

Chepstow

Grosmont?

Monmouth

Newport I?

 

Hereford (9, pos.12)

Brampton Bryan

Clifford

Cusop?

Downton of the Rock

Eardisley

Ewias Harold

Goodrich

Hereford

Kington*?

Richards Castle

Walterstone?

Wigmore

 

Meirionydd (1, pos.3)

Bala?

Rug

Tomen y Mur*, 1095?

 

Montgomery (1)

Montgomery, Hen Domen

 

Pembroke (1)

Pembroke*, 1093

 

Radnor (4, pos.5)

Colwyn*, 1093

Cymaron*, 1093

Dinieithon*, 1093

Presteigne?

Radnor

 

Shropshire (6, pos.8)

Caus?

Clun

Holdgate

Ludlow*?

Moreton Corbet

Oswestry

Quatford, d.1101

Shrewsbury

 


 

Henry I, 1100 to 1135

No. of castles in Wales and Marches, 84, possibly 86

Brycheiniog (7)

Brecon

Builth

Crickhowell

Bwlch y Dinas

Hay

Pencelli

Tretower

 

Caernarvon (1)

Degannwy

 

Cardigan (11)

Aberystwyth*, 1110

Blaenporth

Caerwedros

Cardigan*, 1110

Castell Gwallter

Dinerth

Lampeter

Llandysul

Llanryhstyd

Ystrad Meurig

Ystrad Peithyl, d.1116

 

Carmarthen (4)

Carmarthen

Kidwelly

Llanfihangel Abercywyn

Llandovery

 

Cheshire (2)

Chester

Malpas

 

Flint (1)

Rhuddlan

 

Glamorgan (8)

Cardiff

Coity

Neath

Newcastle Bridgend

Ogmore

Oystermouth, d.1136

Swansea

Talybont

 

Gloucester (4)

Berkeley

Bristol

Gloucester

St Briavels

 

Gwent (6)

Abergavenny

Caerleon

Chepstow

Grosmont

Monmouth

White Castle

 

Hereford (17)

Brampton Bryan

Clifford

Cusop

Downton of the Rock

Eardisley

Ewias Harold

Goodrich

Hereford

Kilpeck

Kington

Orcop

Pont Hendre?

Richards Castle

Snodhill*

Walterstone

Weobley

Wigmore

 

Meirionydd (2)

Cymmer*, 1116, d.1116

Tomen y Mur

 

Montgomery (3)

Carreghova*, 1101

Montgomery, Hen Domen

Powis*, 1111

 

Pembroke (5)

Cilgerran*, 1108

Letterston

Manorbier

Narberth

Pembroke

 

Radnor (5, pos.6)

Bleddfa

Colwyn

Cymaron, d.1134

Painscastle

Presteigne?

Radnor

 

Shropshire (7, pos.9)

Caus?

Clun

Holdgate

Ludlow

Moreton Corbet

Oldbury, Panpudding Hill*, 1102

Oswestry

Shrewsbury

Whittington*

 


 

Stephen, 1135 to 1154

No. of castles in Wales and Marches, 119, possibly 132

Brycheiniog (9, pos.10)

Brecon

Bronllys*, 1144

Builth

Bwlch y Dinas

Crickadarn?

Crickhowell

Hay

Pencelli

Waynard’s Castle, d.1144?

Tretower

 

Cardigan (9)

Aberystwyth

Caerwedros

Cardigan

Castell Gwallter

Dinerth

Lampeter

Llandysul

Llanryhstyd

Ystrad Meurig

 

Carmarthen (7)

Carmarthen

Carreg Cennen*

Dinefwr*, 1146

Kidwelly

Llandovery

Llanstephan

St Clears

 

Cheshire (2)

Chester

Malpas

 

Denbigh (2, pos.3)

Chirk

Dinas Bran?

Tomen y Rhodwydd*, 1149

 

Flint (3)

Mold

Overton

Rhuddlan

 

Glamorgan (7)

Cardiff

Coity

Loughor

Newcastle Bridgend

Ogmore

Swansea

Talybont

 

Gloucester (15, pos.17)

Berkeley

Brimpsfield

Brimpsfield siege castle*?

Bristol

Cirencester

Dursley

Dymock

Gloucester

Hailes

Lydney

Miserden

St Briavels

South Cerney

Sudeley

Tetbury

Tewkesbury

Winchcombe?

 

Gwent (9, pos.12)

Abergavenny

Caerleon

Caerwent?

Caldicot

Chepstow

Dingestow I?

Dinham?

Grosmont

Monmouth

Skenfrith

Usk

White Castle

 

Herefordshire (23, pos.28)

Aston*?

Aston siege castle?

Aymestrey

Bacton

Brampton Bryan

Clifford

Cusop?

Downton of the Rock

Eardisland?

Eardisley

Ewias Harold

Goodrich

Hereford

Hereford siege castle*, 1140

Kilpeck

Kington

Little Hereford

Llancillo

Monk’s Court siege castle?

Much Marcle

Orcop

Pont Hendre

Richards Castle

Shobdon

Snodhill

Stapleton*

Weobley

Wigmore

 

Meirionydd (1)

Cynfal*, 1147, d.1147

 

Montgomery (2)

Carreghova

Montgomery, Hen Domen

 

Pembroke (6)

Letterston

Manorbier

Nevern

Pembroke

Tenby

Wiston

 

Radnor (6, pos.7)

Diniethon?

Colwyn*, 1144

Cymaron*, 1144

Glasbury

Painscastle

Presteigne

Radnor

 

Shropshire (18)

Bridgnorth

Bishop’s Castle

Bryn Amlwg

Caus

Cleobury Mortimer

Clun

Corfham

Ellesmere

Holdgate

Ludlow

Ludlow 2 siege castles*, 1139

Moreton Corbet

Oswestry

Shrawdine

Shrewsbury

Wattlesborough

Whittington

 


 

Henry II, 1154 to 1189

No. of castles in Wales and Marches, 153, possibly 156

Brycheiniog (9)

Brecon

Bronllys

Builth, d.1168

Bwlch y Dinas

Crickhowell

Hay

Llanddew

Pencelli

Tretower

 

Caernarvon (2)

Caernarvon

Garn Fadryn

 

Cardigan (7)

Abereinon

Aberystwyth

Cardigan*, 1171

Dinerth

Llandysul

Llanryhstyd

Ystrad Meurig

 

Carmarthen (7)

Carmarthen

Dinefwr

Kidwelly

Laugharne

Llandovery

Llanstephan

St Clears

 

Cheshire (6)

Chester

Dunham Massey

Halton

Malpas

Stockport

Ullenwood/Uttersford

 

Denbigh (4)

Chirk

Dinas Bran

Tomen y Rhodwydd, d.1157

Wrexham

 

Flint (5, pos.6)

Basingwerk

Ewloe?

Mold

Overton

Prestatyn*

Rhuddlan

 

Glamorgan (13)

Aberavan

Briton Ferry

Cardiff

Coity

Dinas Powis

Kenfig

Loughor

Neath

Newcastle Bridgend

Ogmore

Oystermouth

Swansea

Talybont

 

Gloucestershire (6)

Berkeley*, 1154?

Brimpsfield

Bristol

Gloucester

Miserden

St Briavels

 

Gwent (14)

Abergavenny

Caerleon

Caldicot

Castell Arnault, d.1175

Chepstow

Dingestow II*, 1182

Grosmont

Llanfair Discoed

Monmouth

Newport

Rumney

Skenfrith

Usk

White Castle

 

Herefordshire (28)

Almeley

Bacton

Brampton Bryan

Bredwardine

Castle Frome

Clifford

Eardisland

Eardisley

Ewias Harold

Goodrich

Hereford

Kilpeck

Kington

Llancillo

Longtown*, 1186

Lyonshall

Much Marcle

Pont Hendre

Pembridge

Richards Castle

Snodhill

Stapleton

Staunton on Arrow

Weobley

Wigmore

Wigmore, 2 siege castles, 1155?

Wilton*

 

Meirionydd (2)

Deudraeth*, bef.1188

Rug (Edeirnion)*, 1160

 

Montgomery (7)

Carreghova

Castell Caereinion*, 1156, d.1167

Ceri

Mathrafal

Montgomery, Hen Domen

Powis

Tafolwern

 

Pembroke (8)

Cilgerran

Haverfordwest

Llawhaden

Manorbier

Nevern

Pembroke

Tenby

Wiston

 

Radnor (9, pos.10)

Bleddfa

Buddugre

Crug Eryr

Cymaron

Diniethon?

Glasbury

Knighton

Llansantffraid Cwmdeuddwr*, 1177

Presteigne

Radnor

Shropshire (26, pos.28)

Alberbury

Bishop’s Castle

Bridgnorth

Bryn Amlwg

Burford?

Caus

Church Stretton*, 1156

Cleobury Mortimer, d.1155

Clun

Corfham

Ellesmere

Hodnet

Holdgate

Hopton

Knockin

Ludlow

Moreton Corbet

Oswestry

Pulverbatch

Ruyton XI

Shrawdine

Shrewsbury

Smethcott

Stapleton

Wattlesborough

Wem

Whittington

Wilderley Hall?

 


 

Richard I, 1189 to 1199

No. of castles in Wales and Marches, 134, possibly 137

Brycheiniog (8)

Brecon

Bronllys

Bwlch y Dinas

Crickhowell

Hay

Llanddew

Pencelli

Tretower

 

Caernarvon (2)

Caernarvon

Garn Fadryn

 

Cardigan (4)

Aberystwyth

Cardigan

Dinerth

Ystrad Meurig

 

Carmarthen (8)

Carmarthen

Carreg Cennen

Dinefwr

Kidwelly*, 1190

Laugharne

Llandovery

Llanstephan

St Clears

 

Cheshire (4)

Chester

Malpas

Northwich

Pulford

 

Denbigh (2)

Chirk

Dinas Bran

 

Flint (3)

Mold

Overton

Rhuddlan

 

Glamorgan (14)

Aberavan

Briton Ferry

Cadwallon’s Castle

Cardiff

Coity

Dinas Powis

Kenfig

Loughor

Neath

Newcastle Bridgend

Ogmore

Oystermouth

Swansea

Talybont

 

Gloucestershire (6)

Berkeley

Brimpsfield

Bristol

Gloucester

Miserden

St Briavels

 

Gwent (11)

Abergavenny

Caerleon

Caldicot

Chepstow

Grosmont

Llanfair Discoed

Monmouth

Newport

Skenfrith*, 1187

Usk

White Castle*, 1185-7

 

Herefordshire (22, pos.23)

Almeley

Brampton Bryan

Bredwardine

Clifford

Eardisland

Eardisley

Ewias Harold

Goodrich

Hereford

Kilpeck

Kington

Lingen?

Llancillo

Longtown

Lyonshall

Much Marcle

Pembridge

Richards Castle

Snodhill

Stapleton

Weobley

Wigmore

Wilton

 

Meirionydd (2, pos.3)

Bala?

Deudraeth

Rug

 

Montgomery (4)

Carreghova*, 1195

Mathrafal*, 1195

Montgomery, Hen Domen

Powis

 

Pembroke (8)

Cilgerran

Haverfordwest

Llawhaden, d.1193

Manorbier

Nevern, d.1194

Pembroke

Tenby

Wiston

 

Radnor (11)

Bleddfa

Colwyn*, 1195, d.1196

Cymaron

Glasbury

Knighton

Llansantffraid Cwmdeuddwr*, 1194, d.1194

Norton

Painscastle*, 1195

Presteigne

Radnor*, 1195, d.1196

Tomen Castle

 

Shropshire (25, pos.26)

Alberbury

Bishop’s Castle

Bridgnorth

Bryn Amlwg

Caus

Church Stretton

Clun

Corfham

Ellesmere

Hodnet

Holdgate

Hopton

Knockin

Ludlow

Moreton Corbet

Oswestry

Pulverbatch

Ruyton XI

Shrawdine

Shrewsbury

Smethcott

Stapleton

Wattlesborough

Wem

Whittington

Wilderley Hall?

 

 


 

John, 1199 to 1216

No. of castles in Wales and Marches, 152, possibly 155

Brycheiniog (9)

Blaenllyfni*, 1207

Bronllys

Builth*, 1210

Bwlch y Dinas

Crickhowell

Hay

Llanddew

Pencelli

Tretower

 

Caernarvon (3)

Caernarvon

Garn Fadryn

Degannwy

 

Cardigan (4)

Aberystwyth*, 1211

Cardigan

Dinerth, d.1208

Ystrad Meurig, d.1208

 

Carmarthen (11)

Carmarthen

Dinefwr

Kidwelly

Laugharne

Llandovery

Llanegwad

Llanelly

Llangadock

Llanstephan

Llech Owain

St Clears

 

Cheshire (5)

Chester

Malpas

Nantwich

Northwich

Pulford

 

Denbigh (3)

Chirk

Dinas Bran

Tomen y Rhodwydd*, 1212

 

Flint (5)

Basingwerk

Hawarden

Mold

Overton

Rhuddlan

 

Glamorgan (14)

Aberavan

Briton Ferry

Cardiff

Coity

Dinas Powis

Kenfig

Llangewydd

Loughor

Neath

Newcastle Bridgend

Ogmore

Oystermouth, d.1215

Swansea

Talybont

 

Gloucestershire (8)

Berkeley

Brimpsfield

Bristol

English Bicknor

Gloucester

Miserden

St Briavels*, 1211

Tewkesbury*, 1211

 

Gwent (11)

Abergavenny

Caerleon

Caldicot

Chepstow

Grosmont

Llanfair Discoed

Monmouth

Newport

Skenfrith

Usk

White Castle

 

Herefordshire (25, pos.26)

Almeley

Brampton Bryan

Bredwardine

Clifford

Dorstone

Eardisland

Eardisley

Ewias Harold

Goodrich

Hereford

Kilpeck

Kingsland

Kington, d.1216

Lingen?

Llancillo

Longtown

Lyonshall

Much Marcle

Pembridge

Pembridge, Welsh Newton*

Richards Castle

Snodhill

Stapleton

Weobley

Wigmore

Wilton

 

Meirionydd (3, pos.4)

Bala

Carndochan?

Llandderfel

Llanfor

 

Montgomery (4)

Carreghova, d.1214/5?

Mathrafal, d.1212

Montgomery, Hen Domen, d.1215

Powis

 

Pembroke (11)

Carew

Cilgerran

Haverfordwest

Little Newcastle

Maenclochog

Manorbier

Narberth

Newport*

Pembroke

Tenby

Wiston

 

Radnor (10)

Boughrood

Colwyn

Cymaron, d.1215

Glasbury

Knighton

Norton

Radnor, d.1216

Painscastle

Presteigne

Rhaeadr, d.1202

 

Shropshire (26, pos.27)

Alberbury

Bishop’s Castle

Bridgnorth

Bryn Amlwg

Caus

Church Stretton

Clun

Corfham

Ellesmere

Hodnet

Holdgate

Hopton

Kinnerley

Knockin

Ludlow

More?

Oswestry, d.1216

Pulverbatch

Ruyton XI

Shrawdine, d.1215

Shrewsbury

Smethcott

Stapleton

Wattlesborough

Wem

Whittington d.1215

Wilderley Hall, d.by 1204

 


Henry III, 1216 to 1272

No. of castles in Wales and Marches, 192, possibly 197

Brycheiniog (13, pos.17)

Aberllynfi

Aberyscir?

Blaenllyfni

Brecon

Bronllys

Builth, d.1229, *1242, d.1260

Bwlch y Dinas

Crickhowell

Hay

Llanddew

Madog’s Castle I?

Madog’s Castle II*?

Pencelli

Pipton

Scethrog?

Sennybridge*, 1265?

Tretower

Ystradfellte

 

Caernarvon (5, pos.6)

Aber?

Caernarvon

Criccieth

Degannwy

Dolbadarn

Dolwyddelan

 

Cardigan (5)

Aberystwyth

Cardigan*, 1240

Llanilar*, 1242

Nant-yr-Arian

Trefilan*, 1233

 

Carmarthen (10)

Carmarthen*, 1223

Carreg Cennen

Dryslwyn

Dinefwr

Kidwelly

Laugharne

Llandovery

Llanstephan

Newcastle Emlyn*

St Clears

 

Cheshire (9)

Beeston*, 1225

Chester*, 1247-51

Halton

Malpas

Nantwich

Northwich

Pulford

Shocklach

Shotwick

 

Denbigh (2)

Denbigh*

Dinas Bran

 

Flint (6)

Bryn-y-Cwn*, 1244

Dyserth*, 1241, d.1263

Ewloe

Hawarden

Mold

Rhuddlan

 

Glamorgan (23)

Aberavan

Baglan

Cardiff

Castell Coch

Castell Mor Graig

Coity

Dinas Powis

Fonmon

Kenfig

Llanblethian

Llangynwyd

Llantrisant

Loughor

Neath

Newcastle Bridgend

Ogmore

Oystermouth

Penard

Penmark

Penrice

Swansea

Talybont

Talavan

 

Gloucestershire (8)

Berkeley

Beverstone*, 1229

Brimpsfield

Bristol

English Bicknor

Gloucester

Miserden

St Briavels

 

Gwent (17)

Abergavenny

Caerleon

Caldicot

Chepstow

Grosmont*, 1224-26

Llanfair Discoed

Llangibby

Machen

Monmouth

Newport

Penhow

Penros

Skenfrith*, 1219-20

Trelleck

Trostrey

Usk

White Castle*, 1229-32

 

Herefordshire (28)

Almeley

Brampton Bryan

Bredwardine

Clifford

Combe

Dilwyn

Dorstone

Eardisley

Ewias Harold

Goodrich*, 1262

Hereford

Huntington*

Kilpeck

Kingsland

Lingen

Llancillo

Longtown

Lyonshall

Much Marcle

Pembridge

Pembridge, Welsh Newton

Richards Castle

Rowlstone

Snodhill

Stapleton

Weobley

Wigmore**, 1223, 1265-72

Wilton*

 

Meirionydd (2)

Castell y Bere*, 1221

Prysor

 

Montgomery (9)

Bodyddon, d.1257

Dolforwyn, d.1240

Forden, d.1263

Symond’s Castle*, 1231

Hubert’s Folly*, 1228, d.1228

Montgomery, Hen Domen*

Montgomery*, 1223-5

Powis

Tafolwern, d.1244?

 

Pembroke (11)

Carew

Cilgerran*, 1223

Haverfordwest

Maenclochog

Manorbier

Narberth

Newport

Pembroke

Tenby

Wiston, d.1220

Wolf’s Castle

 

Radnor (12)

Bleddfa, d.1262

Boughrood

Bryn-y-Castell*

Cefnllys*, 1242, d.1262

Colwyn

Glasbury, d.1263?

Knighton, d.1262

Knucklas*, 1242

Norton, d.1262

Painscastle*, 1231

Presteigne, d.1262

Radnor, d.1231, * 1233, d.1264

 

Shropshire (32)

Alberbury

Bishop’s Castle

Bridgnorth

Bryn Amlwg

Caus

Church Stretton, d.by 1255

Clun

Corfham

Ellesmere

Hodnet

Holdgate

Hopton

Kinnerley

Knockin

Marchamley*, 1223

Moele Brace

Minton?

Longnor*, 1235

Ludlow

Moreton Corbet

Oswestry

Pontesbury

Pulverbatch

Ruyton XI

Shrawdine*

Shrewsbury

Smethcott

Stapleton

Wattlesborough

Wem

Weston under Redcastle*, 1227

Whittington*, 1221, 1223

 


 

Edward I, 1272 to 1307

No. of castles in Wales and Marches, 192, possibly 197

Anglesey (1)

Beaumaris*, 1295

 

Brycheiniog (14)

Blaenllyfni

Brecon

Bronllys

Builth*, 1277

Bwlch y Dinas

Camlais*

Crickhowell*

Hay

Llanddew

Pencelli

Pipton

Scethrog

Tretower

Ystradfellte

 

Caernarvon (5)

Caernarvon*, 1283

Conway*, 1283

Criccieth*, 1283

Dolbadarn, d.1284

Dolwyddelan

 

Cardigan (2)

Aberystwyth*, 1277

Cardigan

 

Carmarthen (10)

Carmarthen

Carreg Cennen

Dryslwyn

Dinefwr

Kidwelly

Laugharne

Llandovery

Llanstephan

Newcastle Emlyn

St Clears

 

Cheshire (10)

Beeston

Chester

Halton

Malpas

Nantwich

Newhall

Northwich

Pulford

Shocklach

Shockwick

 

Denbigh (5)

Chirk*

Denbigh*, 1282

Dinas Bran

Holt

Ruthin*, 1277

 

Flint (6)

Caergwrle*, 1278

Ewloe, d.1277?

Flint*, 1277

Hawarden*

Mold

Rhuddlan*, 1277

 

Glamorgan (26)

Baglan

Caerphilly*, 1268-71

Cardiff

Castell Coch

Castell Mor Graig

Coity

Dinas Powis

Fonmon

Kenfig

Llanblethian

Llandaff

Llangynwyd

Llantrisant

Loughor

Morlais*, 1287-90, d.1294

Neath

Newcastle Bridgend

Ogmore

Oystermouth

Penard

Penmark

Penrice

St Fagans

Swansea

Talybont

Talavan

 

Gloucestershire (7)

Berkeley

Beverstone

Brimpsfield

Bristol

Gloucester

Miserden

St Briavels*, 1292-3

 

Gwent (17, pos.18)

Abergavenny

Caerleon

Caldicot

Troggy*, 1305

Chepstow

Grosmont

Llanfair Discoed

Llangibby

Machen

Monmouth

Newport

Penhow

Penros

Skenfrith

Trelleck?

Trostrey

Usk

White Castle

 

Herefordshire (30)

Almeley

Ashperton*, 1292

Brampton Bryan

Bredwardine

Clifford

Combe

Dilwyn

Dorstone

Eardisley

Ewias Harold

Goodrich*, 1292

Hereford

Huntington

Kilpeck

Kingsland

Lingen

Llancillo

Longtown

Lyonshall

Moccas*, 1293

Much Marcle

Pembridge, Welsh Newton

Richards Castle

Rowlstone

Snodhill

Stapleton

Weobley

Whitney

Wigmore

Wilton

 

Meirionydd (4)

Castell y Bere, d.1294

Prysor

Harlech*, 1285

Llanegryn?

 

Montgomery (5)

Dolforwyn*, 1274

Montgomery

Newtown*, 1278

Symond’s Castle

Powis

 

Pembroke (11, pos.15)

Benton?

Carew

Cilgerran

Haverfordwest*, 1289-90

Maenclochog

Manorbier

Narberth

Newport

Pembroke

Picton?

Poyntz?

Tenby

Upton?

Walwyn’s Castle

Wolf’s Castle

 

Radnor (8)

Aberedw*, 1284

Boughrood

Cefnllys*, 1273

Colwyn

Knucklas

Painscastle

Radnor

Tinboeth*

 

Shropshire (31)

Alberbury

Bishop’s Castle

Bridgnorth

Bryn Amlwg

Callow Hill, Minsterley

Caus

Clun

Corfham

Ellesmere

Hodnet

Holdgate

Hopton

Knockin

Ludlow

Marchamley

Moele Brace

Moreton Corbet

Oswestry

Pontesbury

Pulverbatch

Ruyton XI

Shrawdine

Shrewsbury

Smethcott

Stapleton

Stokesay*, 1291

Tong

Wattlesborough

Wem

Weston under Redcastle

Whittington

 


 

County

William I

William II

Henry I

Stephen

Henry II

Richard

John

Henry III

Edward I

Total Castles

County

Anglesey

1

1

3

Anglesey

Brecon

(2)

4 (8)

7

9 (10)

9

8

9

13 (17)

14

44

Brecon

Caernarvon

1 (5)

1

2

2

3

5 (6)

5

18

Caernarvon

Cardigan

1 (2)

11

9

7

4

4

5

2

31

Cardigan

Carmarthen

1 (2)

4

7

7

8

11

10

10

42

Carmarthen

Cheshire

1

2

2

2

6

4

5

9

10

23

Cheshire

Denbigh

(1)

2 (3)

4

2

3

2

5

16

Denbigh

Flint

1

1

1

3

5 (6)

3

5

6

6

19

Flint

Glamorgan

1 (2)

2

8

7

13

14

14

23

26

78

Glamorgan

Gloucester

3

3 (4)

4

15 (17)

6

6

8

8

7

32

Gloucester

Gwent

3 (5)

4 (6)

6

9 (12)

14

11

11

17

17 (18)

58

Gwent

Hereford

10 (15)

9 (12)

17

23 (28)

28

22 (23)

25 (26)

28

30

100

Hereford

Meirionydd

1 (2)

1 (3)

2

1

2

2 (3)

3 (4)

2

4

19

Meirionydd

Montgomery

1 (3)

1

3

2

7

4

4

9

5

40

Montgomery

Pembroke

1

1

5

6

8

8

11

11

11 (15)

52

Pembroke

Radnor

(4)

4 (5)

5 (6)

6 (7)

9 (10)

11

10

12

8

44

Radnor

Shropshire

4 (6)

18

8 (9)

18

26 (28)

25 (26)

26 (27)

32

31

108

Shropshire

Total

26 (46)

41 (63)

84 (86)

119 (132)

153 (156)

134 (137)

152 (155)

192 (197)

192 (197)

727

Total

 


Copyright©1994-2007 Paul Martin Remfry


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