Rectangular Keeps


Small rectangular tower-keeps under 50' in England
*means on an artifical motte
Aldingbourne (40' square); Appleby (45' square); Ascot Doilly (23' square); Barley Pound (?); Barnard Castle (30' square, an ex.gatehouse); Benington (45'x41'); Berkhamsted (inner ward tower, 23'x40'); Bridgnorth (38½'x35'); Bristol (40+' square); Brougham (47'x44'); Carlisle tower by outer gate? (30' square); Clitheroe (35' square); Clun (30' square); Deddington (?); Farnham (37' square); Gidleigh (35'x26'); Goodrich (29' square); Hopton (45'x40''); Horsford (45'square?); Lincoln, Observatory Tower* (45' square); Moreton Corbet (38'x33'); Nottingham (destroyed); Oakhampton* (40' square); Oxford St George (45'x40'); Peak (40' square); Prudhoe (45'x40'); Richards Castle (45'x33'); Ruyton IX Towns (48'x30'); St Briavels (45' square); South Mymms (35' square); Sutton Valance* (40'x45'), Wattlesborough (30' square), Waytemore (38' square) and West Malling (32' square). 

Small rectangular tower-keeps under 50' in Wales
Aberedw I*? (30' square?); Carndochan (35' square); Carreg Cennen (30' square); Coity (35' square); Criccieth (43'x32'); Dinas Emrys (36'x27'); Dinas Powys (); Dolwyddelan I* (25' square); Dolwyddelan II (44'x31'); Fonmon (45'x25'); Hay (32'x28' an ex.gatehouse); Hyssington* (27'square); Kenfig (45' square); Loughor (30'x28'); Machen (45'x30'); Manorbier (25'x20'); Ogmore (46'x22');  Powis (36½x30); Talgarth (30' square); Usk (35' square) and White Castle (34½' square).

Large rectangular tower-keeps over 50' in England
Alberbury (56'x35'); Bamburgh (65'x60'); Bowes (80'x60'); Brandon (52'x40'); Bredwardine (78'x45'), Brough* (60'x40'); Bungay (54' square); Canterbury (87'x75'); Carlisle (65'x60'); Castle Acre (80'x75', c.1140 reduced to 80'x40); Castle Cary (80'x75'); Castle Rising (80'x45'); Christchurch* (50'x45'); Colchester (150'x100'); Corfe (60' square); Dover (98'x95'); Duffield (99'x93'); Elmley (80'x60'); Farnham (50' square); Guildford (52'x46'); Hedingham (60'x55'); Kenilworth (85'x65'); Knaresborough (65'x52'); Knepp (50' square); Lancaster (80' square); Ludlow (55'x45' an ex. gatehouse); Lydney (45'x55'); Middleham (105'x80'); Mileham* (50' square); Nether Stowey (60'x50'); Newcastle on Tyne (62'x55'); Norham (86'x65'); Norwich (95'x90'); Old Sarum (65'x60'); Oswestry* (75'x51'); Pendragon (65' square); Pevensey (90'x65'+D shaped projections); Pontesbury (60' square); Portchester (65'x52'); Richmond (52'x45' ex.gatehouse); Rochester (70' square); Rushen (60' with 4 central projecting turrets); Saffron Walden (55' square); Scarborough (56' square); Sherborne (65'x60'); Taunton (80'x63'); Tower of London (120'x105'); Wareham (destroyed); Whittington (52'x38'); Weston under Penyard (55'x45'); Winchester (55' square, destroyed) and Wolvesey (55'x50').

Large rectangular tower-keeps over 50' in Wales
Blaenllyfni (55'x25'); Bwlch y Dinas (60'x40'); Chepstow (105'x43'); Dinas Bran (60'x50'); Dolforwyn (55'x40'); Glan Edw* (54'x36'); Grosmont (95'x42'); Monmouth (70+'x48'); Oystermouth (60'x40'); Pencelli (50' square) and Y Bere (50'x35'). 



Rectangular tower-keeps in Ireland
Adare (43'x35'); Askeaton (38'x28'); Athenry (54'x35'); Cahir (85'x65', ex.gatehouse); Carrickfergus (55' square); Castleroche (40'x36'); Clonmacnoise* (62'x38'); Dunamase (115'x66'); Glanworth (42'x35'); Greencastle (70'x40'); Maynooth (70'x60'); Trim (65'x60').



Rectangular tower-keeps in Scotland
Cubbie Roos (26'x26'); Dalhousie south block (62'x38'), north block (29'x20'); Drum (53'x40'); Duffus* (60'x50'); Dumbarton Walace Tower (40'x25'); Edinburgh (51'x38' & 21'x18'); Eilean Donan (54'x41'); Elgin (70'x30'); Loch Leven (37'x32.); Wick (33'x23').







 

Copyright©2021 Paul Martin Remfry


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