Frederick's Tower, Enna

The tower was built by the Emperor Frederick II (d.1250) as a summer palace and stands near the last remaining city gate, the monumental gate of Janniscuru.

The tower is a perfect octagonal prism with a maximum width of 56', sides of 23' and a current height, minus its battlements, of 88'.  At a distance of 70' the tower is surrounded by a largely destroyed octagonal wall.  Of the eight tower faces, only two appear totally blind.  The others have mullioned windows and loopholes, seven loops being aligned vertically along the internal spiral staircase.  Two large windows with broken stick frames illuminate the main room on the first floor on the NNW and SE sides.  Entrance is by a small ground floor arched door to the SSE, but originally was through a door at the internal stairway, between the second and third lights. The tower is of 3 storeys, the last of which has lost more than half its height.  The ground floor consists of a single octagonal room illuminated by three splayed lancet windows and covered by an umbrella vault.  A cistern opened under the floor.  The first floor is similar to the ground floor - an octagonal room with a ribbed umbrella vault resting on half-columns with Ionic bases and very damaged capitals with leaves.  To the NE is a latrine.  The top floor seems to have been some 11' high.  Similar main windows are found in Castel del Monte in Apulia which was also octagonal and ordered constructed by Frederick in 1237.

Why not join me here and at other Sicilian castles?  Information on this and other tours can be found at Scholarly Sojourns.


Copyright©2019 Paul Martin Remfry