Criccieth Castle

Criccieth is the most likely site of the controversial Deudraeth castle founded by the sons of Cynan ab Owain (d.1174) in opposition to Castell Garn Fadryn built by Rhodri ab Owain (d.1195).  Both castles were part of the struggle to control Gwynedd after the overthrow of King Dafydd ab Owain in 1175.  The fortress was the scene of the capture of Gruffydd ap Llywelyn by his brother Dafydd in 1240, and was used as a prison by the princes of Gwynedd throughout the thirteenth century.  In early 1283 its garrison seem to have burned and abandoned it, rather than face siege by the victorious forces of King Edward I.  King Edward repaired the castle and it remained, often twined with Harlech castle visible just across Tremadog bay, a royal fortress until its destructrion during the wars of Owain Glyndwr in 1404.


Copyright©2016 Paul Martin Remfry

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