The castles of Old and New Buckenham lie south-west of Norwich, off the
beaten track of warfare in England.
The history deals with the Aubigny or Albini family from their arrival
in England with William the Conqueror to the extinction of their
earldom in 1242. The decisive battle of Fornham where some 3,000
Flemings were slaughtered in 1173 is also examined. The history then
continues with the Tattershall family who inherited Buckenham with
Robert Tattershall's marriage to an Albini heiress. The
castle's first siege occurred in 1263 and its second and last, which
led to its destruction during the Civil War.
The family of Aubigny of Arundel is examined in detail as well as their
spectacular match with the widowed Queen Adelize which brought them the
earldoms of Lincoln which was later transferred to Chichester and
finally Arundel. The castle next passed to the Tattershalls
who were prominent in Edward I's Welsh wars. When they died
out in 1310 the castle passed first to the Caillys and then the
Cliftons. During the Wars of the Roses the lady of the castle
successfully held the fortress for her Knyvet husband against a feeble
attempt to seize it by the Yorkists. In the next civil war
Philip Knyvet held the castle for Parliament and slighted his own
fortress in 1649.
The construction and destruction of the first Buckenham castle, now
known as Old Buckenham, is covered with reference to surrounding castle
sites. New Buckenham Castle was probably founded during the
Anarchy to mark the Aubignys' rise in status. Its ruins
consist of a twelfth century great round tower, two gatehouses and the
castle's increased earthwork defences which were probably added in
1216. A copy is also reproduced of the unique woodcutting of
the castle which is on display in the thirteenth century
Tattershall-built New Buckenham church. The extensive remains
of outer wards and the borough defences are also planned and explored.
Buckenham Castles, 1066 to 1649, please purchase through the PayPal symbols below at £9.95 plus postage.
Paul Martin Remfry